Coordinate Conjunction

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Co-ordinateconjunctionsjoin similar words,phrasesorclausesto each other (i.e., to join anadjectiveto an adjective or anounto a noun).  The most common co-ordinate conjunctions are: and, but, or, for, nor, so and yet.

The conjunctionsand,butandorare the most common by far. 


The waiters served sandwichesandcakes.(joins two nouns)
He is a smallbutaggressive dog.(joins two adjectives)
The managerorhis secretary will be with you in a moment.(joins two nouns)
He typed the letter quickly but accurately.(joins two adverbs)

In the examples above, the conjunctions all join words.  As a general rule, when a conjunction joins two words, there is no need to precede it with acomma.  However, when it joins two clauses, it is usual to place a comma before the conjunction.


The applicant must be able to singanddance.(no comma)
The applicant must be able to sing, andshe must be able to dance.(joins two clauses – comma required)
Interactive example:

Pat and I slept, but Julie stayed awake the whole way.

The short, simple conjunctions are called “coordinating conjunctions”:

  • and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so

A coordinating conjunction joins parts of a sentence (for example words or independent clauses) that are grammatically equal or similar. A coordinating conjunction shows that the elements it joins are similar in importance and structure:




Look at these examples – the two elements that the coordinating conjunction joins are shown in square brackets [ ]:

  • I like [tea] and [coffee].
  • [Ram likes tea], but [Anthony likes coffee].

Coordinating conjunctions always come between the words or clauses that they join.

When a coordinating conjunction joins independent clauses, it is always correct to place a comma before the conjunction:

  • I want to work as an interpreter in the future, so I am studying Russian at university.

However, if the independent clauses are short and well-balanced, a comma is not really essential:

  • She is kind so she helps people.

When “and” is used with the last word of a list, a comma is optional:

  • He drinks beer, whisky, wine, and rum.
  • He drinks beer, whisky, wine and rum.

coordinate conjunction (FANBOYS) dapat dilihat pada tabel sebagai berikut.

Coordinate Conjunction


Contoh Kalimat Coordinate Conjunction


Cause & Effect
(sebab & akibat)

He didn’t come last night, for he fell asleep.
(Dia tidak datang semalam, karena dia tertidur.)



The trainees laughed and cried simultaneously.
(Siswa latihan tertawa dan menangis secara bersamaan.)

Vina and Amel wake up at 5:00 am, and they go to school at 6:30 am.
(Vina dan Amel bangun jam 5 pagi dan mereka pergi ke sekolah jam setengah tujuh pagi.)



She didn’t come to the ceremony, nor did her friends.
(Dia tidak datang ke perayaan, tidak juga teman-temannya.)

(tapi, namun)


The man helped in sincerity, but many people thought negatively about him.
(Pria itu membantu dengan tulus, namun banyak orang berpikir negatif.)



What do you prefer to stay at home or go to the cinema on this weekend?
(Apa yang lebih kamu suka, diam di rumah atau pergi ke bioskop akhir minggu ini?)

(tapi, namun)


The book is thick, yet the text is large.
(Buku itu tebal, tapi tulisannya besar.)

(agar, sehingga)

(hasil, akibat)

Please reconsider, so you will not regret oneday.
(Tolong pertimbangkan kembali, agar kamu tidak menyesal suatu hari nanti.)



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